You or someone you know may have an ongoing
pulmonary, or lung, disease. This video will show you how a pulmonary rehabilitation program
can help you live better with lung disease. Before you start your program, your healthcare
team will learn about your health history. For example, you may have had problems with
your heart or blood vessels. Then, they will test how well your lungs are working. Breathing
tests will measure how well you can breathe in and out, or how much air your lungs can
hold. A six-minute walk test may be performed. Your heartbeat, blood pressure, and blood
oxygen level may be monitored. Your healthcare team will use your health history and test
results to custom design your program. Your program may include three main parts: exercise,
education, and counseling. Over time exercise can make your lungs and heart work better.
It may also increase the amount of time you can perform your daily activities, such as
work, shopping, and exercise. If appropriate for you, your program will include aerobic
exercise. This type of exercise makes you breathe harder and your heart beat faster.
In addition, strength training exercises can make your muscles stronger and stretching
exercises can improve your flexibility. Education could include classes that will help you understand,
manage, and cope with your lung disease. These classes will explain how the lungs normally
work. They will also explain how diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,
or COPD, affect your lungs. You can learn two ways to manage your breathing. In pursed
lip breathing you slowly inhale through your nose and exhale through your mouth with pursed
lips. In belly breathing you train the diaphragm muscle to do most of the work of breathing.
Your healthcare team will talk to you about your medication and lifestyle changes. You
will be shown how to use oxygen if you are receiving this therapy. Talk to your doctor
if you have questions about your medication or have any side effects. It is important
to take your medications as directed by your doctor. If you smoke, lifestyle changes will
help you plan to quit. A diet expert will help you make an eating plan if you need to
gain or lose weight. You will also learn ways to prevent respiratory infection, like certain
types of pneumonia or the flu by getting vaccinated. The healthcare team may work with you to help
make a plan to help save your energy. This can help you get more done while avoiding
too much activity. Your program may also include counseling. This will help you cope with worry
or depression you may have about your lung health. After a few months on the program
you may be given additional exercises and lung tests. These tests will help your healthcare
team know if you are reaching the program goals. These goals may include increased tolerance
for daily activity, less disease symptoms, and self-management and coping skills.