The first thing to say is that depression
is a medical condition and is quite different from feeling sad, which can be normal experience. A good clinical assessment will tell you if you have clinical depression. There are some gentle strategies that are quite helpful for depression. These include having a good diet, regular exercise, establishing a good sleep pattern, and having regular social contact, and also avoiding alcohol and drugs, and managing work-life balance. The specific treatment for depression is mainly of two kinds. The first is medication, where we try and target two chemicals in the brain called serotonin and noradrenaline. There are two specific treatment approaches for depression. The first is by using medication to target two particular chemicals in the brain: norepinephrine and serotonin. Based on your particular set of symptoms, a good clinical assessment will be able to tell you which is the most helpful medication. The second approach is by use of therapy. So once again based on your experience and your symptoms, therapy models can be used. For example, CBT, which helps to challenge negative thoughts, CAT, which helps with relationships, and EMDR, which helps with traumatic memories
which are still causing difficulties.